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Full text of "The manufacture and properties of iron and steel"

GKEAT BRITAIN.
511
The important steel works on the Northeast Coast are given in Table XXIII-F. Bell Brothers have not been large producers of steel in the past, but have lately put in an extensive open-hearth plant. Fig. XXIII-E shows a plan of the. works of the Northeastern Steel Company, at Middlesbrough. In Tables XXIII-G and H are given data concerning the industrial history of the district.
TABLE XXIII-G. Output of Ore and Pig-Iron on the Northeast Coast.
Average for Period per year.	Ore Raised ; Tons.			Pig Iron ; Tons.		
	North Yorkshire.	Durham	Total.	North Yorkshire.	Durham & Northumberland.	Total.
1882 to 1885 incl. . . 1886 to 1890 incl. .. 1891 to 1895 incl. . . 1896 to 1900 incl. .. 1901 to 1903 incl. ..	6,266,805 5,404,267 4,699,961 5,638,883 5,393,590	55,710 11,995 7,747 18,601 18,031	6,322,516 5,416,262 4,707,708 5,657,482 5411,621	1,786,064 1,861,996 1,838,626 2,157,304 1,966,853	832,607 780,461 799,308 1,036,533 996,158	2,618,671 2,642,457 2,637,934 3,193,837 2,963,011
TABLE XXIII-H. Imports of Ore at Ports on the Northeast Coast.
Average for Period per year; tons.	Middles-bro.	No. & So. Shields & Newcastle	Stockton,	Hartle-pool.	Sunder-land.	Others.	Total.
1882 to 1885 incl. 1886 to 1890 incl. 1891 to 1895 incl	434,000 969,000 1413000	294,000 493,000 544000	76,000 144,600 231000	41,000 155,000 115000	67.000 93,000 97000	8,000 6,000	920,000 1,860,000 2,400,000
1896 to 1900 incl. 1901 to 1903 inel	1,568;000 1 113000	8261000 498000	285,000 230000	165,000 136000	94,000 74000	4,000	2,942,000 2,051,000
							
SEC. XXIIIc.—Scotland (Ayrshire and Lanarkshire}:
I am indebted to Mr. James Riley, formerly general manager of the Steel Company of Scotland and of the Glasgow Iron and Steel Company, for a careful review of this section-
The iron industry of Scotland dates back one hundred and fifty years; but it was well along in the last century before there was any appreciation of the value of the blackband from the coal measures which at that time existed throughout Ayrshire and Lanarkshire. This blackband was roasted and gave an ore making 63 per cent, of pig-iron. In 1870 Scotland produced 3,500,000 tons of ore, but in 1880 this dropped to 2,660,000 tons. Half of this was black-